Keloid scar removal is known to be quite difficult and frustrating. Keloid scars are basically masses of collagen whose healing process has been interrupted.
Such interruptions are mostly attributed to the formation of excess or far too little collagen. Once there is excess collagen being deposited at these places, the already settled collagen begins to grow irregularly which then causes asymmetrical growth on the skin’s surface.
These irregular growths are externally visible in the form of scars on the surface of the skin. These marks tend to appear as reddish-purple scars that are firm and very difficult to get rid of.
However, there are a number home remedies and treatments available for the treatment of keloid scarring. Commercially available products include creams, gels, and of course cosmetic surgery.
Treatments For Keloid Scars
Following are the major methods and treatments for men and women to get rid of their keloid scars:
There are three basic types of keloid surgeries available:
- Excisional surgery: This procedure involves the complex removal of all the scar tissue, and replacing it with adjacent tissue that isn’t scarred. A minimal amount of skin is used to prevent scarring in the donor site.
- Radiation: Much more effective than the excisional procedure, radiation is used in combination with a excisional surgery for maximum effectiveness. Both these procedures together are recognized to be effective for the dissipation of scarred tissue.
- Laser Therapy: Among all the kelod scar treatments available, laser therapy is known to be least damaging to the skin. This treatment comprises of exposure to four different types of lasers – a flash lamp pulse dyed laser, an argon laser, a carbon dioxide laser, and a Nd:YAG laser. While this therapy is relatively safer, its results and effectiveness are still questionable. There have been recent observations where recurrence has been noted.
Also referred to as intralesional steroids, these cortisone injections are required to be administered once a month. These injections are known to not cause any pain, or unnecessary side effects.
The injected cortisone helps to fatten the keloids, which then helps to scars to recede gradually. Since steroid injections are known to aid the formation of extra superficial blood vessels, this treatment isn’t recommended frequently.
It has also been noticed that some people who undergo this treatment only experience partial results. In this case, laser therapy is a wide choice to be considered.
Cold therapy is another popular treatment for the removal of keloid-related scars. In the procedure, the keloids are flattened by simply freezing them.
Liquid nitrogen is the most commonly used freezing agent for performing cryotherapy on such marks on the skin. It has also been noted that the skin tends to become a few shades darker on the spots where this procedure is performed.
In this keloid scars removal treatment the patient is told to wear silicone sheets which have silicone gel applied on them. This process if continued for a number of weeks, which is also why it isn’t opted for by most patients.
Some doctors have reported using other materials besides silicone in a similar procedure with similar success. However, there is no guarantee that this method will provide every patient with conclusive results.
The immune system in the human body produces a number of different proteins that help to combat and kill harmful bacteria and viruses.
Scientific research has proved the effectiveness of these proteins at reducing keloids. The verdict however is split on the duration that these results will last for.
An alternative method is with the application of Aldara
, which is a medicine to cure a number of skin disorders. This medicine stimulas the production of interferon in the human body.
Keloid Scar Removal – Post Treatment Care
Once any of the above keloid treatments have been completed, the patient is advised to wash the treated area softly using some soft water and soap.
Wipe it off gently with a dry, soft towel. Application of a prescribed anti-biotic cream is strongly recommended. Doctors may also prescribe some oral antibiotics to help prevent any unnecessary infections.
There are certain scar removal creams available for men and women who want to get rid of their keloid scars. Revitol scar cream
is one such cream.
It takes at least 4 days for the skin regeneration to kick start. The recovery period for most keloid treatments is at least four weeks. Regular visits to the doctor is recommended for a quick and smooth recovery.
Factors like cost, reaction and side effects, previous laser treatment, etc. are all important points to mention to a dermatologist before he/she prescribes any one method. There are certain things that one should keep in mind before choosing any one given procedure. When done right, keloid scar removal can be quite straightforward.